PSA failure linked to increased risk of death among healthy menPublished on September 6, 2016 at 11:59 PM · No Comments
"Many studies have reported on PSA results after prostate cancer treatment, but they are not mature enough yet to determine if these results translate into prolonged survival," said lead author Nicholas J. Giacalone, MD, a senior resident in Radiation Oncology at BWH. "We wanted to see if we could identify whether or not published randomized studies that show a benefit in the reduced risk of return of disease, as measured by PSA, will translate into higher rates of cure based on a man's overall health." Such studies include treating men with PSA recurrence after surgery for prostate cancer with both radiation and six months hormonal therapy (GETUG-16) as opposed to radiation therapy alone.
The team examined data from 206 men over the course of 16 years. Over that period of time, 156 men (76 percent) died, 29 as a result of prostate cancer. The team found that PSA failure (the rise of PSA levels after treatment) was associated with a 1.6-fold increased risk of death among men with no other or minimal health conditions, but not among men with other moderate to severe diseases. The team concludes that men with co-existing significant medical conditions, such as heart disease, are unlikely to benefit from treatments shown to reduce only PSA failure, whereas healthy men are more likely to benefit from these treatments.
"Healthy men should be given information based on early results of clinical trials and decide whether or not they want that treatment after hearing about the possible benefits and risks," said Giacalone.