- Gran altitud (durante un vuelo en avión, al escalar montañas o en ciudades ubicadas a grandes altitudes).
- Aumento de la presión (durante actividades de buceo).
- Poco oxígeno (al escalar montañas o hacer ejercicios físicos extenuantes, al estilo de los campamentos militares o en entrenamientos para competencias deportivas).
- Deshidratación (poca agua en el organismo).
- Although African Americans are most likely to carry sickle cell trait, people ofevery racial and ethnic group can have the condition.
- Sickle cell trait and disease can be passed on to children [PDF-2.8MB]; find outwhere to get screening and genetic counseling.
- You can find information about sickle cell trait and sports, diabetes testing, blood and organ donation, and more in theSickle Cell Trait Toolkit.
Sickle Cell Trait
How Sickle Cell Trait is Inherited
- If both parents have SCT, there is a 50% (or 1 in 2) chance that any child of theirs also will have SCT, if the child inherits the sickle cell gene from one of the parents. Such children will not have symptoms of SCD, but they can pass SCT on to their children.
- If both parents have SCT, there is a 25% (or 1 in 4) chance that any child of t heirs will have SCD. There is the same 25% (or 1 in 4) chance that the child will not have SCD or SCT.
- If one parent has SCT, there is a 50% (or 1 in 2) chance that any child of this parent will have SCT and an equal 50% chance that the child will not have SCT.
- Increased pressure in the atmosphere (which can be experienced, for example, while scuba diving).
- Low oxygen levels in the air (which can be experienced, for example, when mountain climbing, exercising extremely hard in military boot camp, or training for an athletic competition).
- Dehydration (for example, when one has too little water in the body).
- High altitudes (which can be experienced, for example, when flying, mountain climbing, or visiting a city at a high altitude).
SCT and Athletes
- Set your own pace and build your intensity slowly.
- Rest often in between repetitive sets and drills.
- Drink plenty of water before, during and after training and conditioning activities.
- Keep the body temperature cool when exercising in hot and humid temperatures by misting the body with water or going to an air conditioned area during breaks or rest periods.
- Immediately seek medical care when feeling ill.