jueves, 22 de junio de 2017

Glamorous and carefree or unmarried and lonely? | June 22, 2017 | MercatorNet |

Glamorous and carefree or unmarried and lonely?

| June 22, 2017 | MercatorNet | 

Glamorous and carefree or unmarried and lonely?

Rethinking the single life.
Nicole M. King | Jun 22 2017 | comment 1 

The News Story: More People Than Ever Before Are Single
Writing for The Conversation, a website devoted to journalism by academics and those in research institutes, Dr. Bella DePaulo of the University of California, Santa Barbara argues that “instead of fretting” about the rising number of single people in the U.S. and around the world, “maybe we should celebrate.”
In her decades of research on the topic, DePaulo claims, she has discovered that singleness is “a boon to our cities and towns and communities, our relatives and friends and neighbors." Single people tend to reach out to friends, family, and neighbors more, “enroll in more art and music classes, and go out to dinner more often than people who live with others.” And what about all of those studies that we’ve seen over the years demonstrating that married people are healthier, wealthier, and happier than single people? DePaulo dismisses them as “exaggerated,” citing a handful of scholarly work demonstrating her point.
But in spite of such claims, research continues to build demonstrating that art classes and dinners out do not, in fact, fill in for a spouse and children. 
(Sources: Bella DePaulo, "More People Than Ever Before Are Single, and That's a Good Thing," The Conversation, April 23, 2017.)

The New Research: Unmarried—And Lonely
The media and popular entertainment often depict the single life as glamorous and carefree. Such favorable depictions of the single life look rather dubious in light of a new German study concluding that unmarried men and women are distinctively vulnerable to loneliness and related psychological and physical illnesses. 
Authored by scholars at Johannes Gutenberg University, the new study investigates “loneliness...as a risk to mental and physical health” among German adults. The researchers note that earlier studies have linked loneliness to “many negative mental health outcomes, such as depression, suicidality, reduced positive emotions, poor sleep quality and general health.” The physical health problems associated with loneliness identified in these earlier studies include “defective immune function and [increased] blood pressure” and the psychological problems include “reduced self-esteem and decreased coping.” 
Not surprisingly, earlier studies have limned a connection between loneliness and “low life satisfaction and low resilience—particularly in men.” Earlier research has also shown that “loneliness . . . aggravates the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and other chronic diseases” and is “related to cognitive decline and Alzheimer’s disease in aging.”
At a time when medical costs are soaring in many aging countries, it is disturbing that earlier researchers have also concluded that loneliness is “associated with physical inactivity, smoking, and multiple health risk behaviors."
To gauge the effect of loneliness on 21st-century Germans, the researchers pore over data collected between 2007 and 2012 from a large and nationally representative sample of 15,010 adults between the ages of 35 and 74. Using a statistical model that accounts for demographic differences in age, gender, socioeconomic status, and employment, the researchers calculate that those experiencing loneliness are nearly twice as vulnerable to depression as those free from loneliness (Odds Ratio of 1.91).
Among the study participants reporting depression, the researchers find a high prevalence of “generalized anxiety and panic attacks.” No wonder the researchers find that, compared to those free from loneliness, the study participants experiencing loneliness were over a third again more vulnerable to suicidal thoughts (Odds Ratio of 1.35). Further analysis revealed that, compared to peers free from loneliness, lonely adults were more likely to smoke and to visit physicians frequently (p < 0.0001 for both comparisons).
Inevitably, patterns of home life heavily affect loneliness. Among the study participants that the researchers identify as most likely to experience loneliness are those “without a partner or without children” (p < 0.0001 in comparisons with peers with partners and peers with children). The researchers report that less than one in thirty men and less than one in fifteen women living with a partner complained of loneliness (maximal values of 2.7% and 5.9% respectively). In sharp contrast, though it varies by age group, the incidence of loneliness runs between 10% and 20% among study participants living alone. 
And though feminists have often encouraged women to steer clear of—or bail out of—marriage, the researchers find that women living alone are decidedly more likely than men living alone to feel lonely. The researchers limn the pattern by age group: “Women living alone in the age range 35-44 years (20.7% vs. 13.9%) and 55-64 years (19.3% vs. 11.6%) were considerably more affected by loneliness than men.”
At a time when marriage rates and fertility rates are low in Western Europe, while divorce rates remain relatively high, the authors of the new study have every reason to assert in their conclusion that “loneliness poses a significant health problem for a sizeable part of the population with increased risks in terms of distress (depression, anxiety), suicidal ideation, health behavior and health care utilization.” 
Even round-the-clock viewing of episodes of Famously Single or Single Ladies may not make these issues go away.
(Source: Bryce Christensen and Nicole M. King, forthcoming in “New Research,” The Natural Family. Study: Manfred E. Beutel et al., “Loneliness in the General Population: Prevalence, Determinants and Relations to Mental Health,” BMC Psychiatry 17 [2017]: 97, Web.)
Nicole M. King is the Managing Editor of The Family in America. Republished from The Family in America, a MercatorNet partner site, with permission. MercatorNet
| June 22, 2017 | MercatorNet | 

Respect for autonomy is a cornerstone of contemporary bioethics. It is what justifies the “right” to euthanasia and assisted suicide, not to mention same-sex marriage and other features of the sexual revolution.
Like most cornerstones, it is firmly fixed and seldom tested. But do we need to rely on the notion of autonomy to guarantee that patients will be treated with respect and dignity? In an excellent essay in today’s newsletter, Toni Saad, a medical student at the University of Cardiff, in Wales, expresses his doubts. 

Michael Cook 

Canada’s new human rights law: use trans pronouns or else
By Bruce Pardy
Few Canadians realize how seriously their new anti-discrimination statutes infringe upon freedom of speech
Read the full article
Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales
By Raffaele Chiarulli
Worse than the best Pirates installment but still better than the worst.
Read the full article
Glamorous and carefree or unmarried and lonely?
By Nicole M. King
Rethinking the single life.
Read the full article
In its ethical cookbook, medicine needs more than autonomy
By Toni Saad
If autonomy is given priority in ethical inquiry, it spells the end of ethics
Read the full article
Reforming the WHO: can the first African General Secretary be an agent for change?
By Steve Fouch
Or is the WHO already a spent force?
Read the full article
Multiculturalism: all good - right?
By Marcus Roberts
And is large scale immigration the only answer to population decline?
Read the full article
Puberty blues
By Michael Cook
Parents of transgender kids have enrolled them in a dangerous experiment
Read the full article
Too many young people think life is a reality show
By Barbara Lilley
The Michelle Carter case should give us pause.
Read the full article
Goodbye, Aleppo
By Jonny Gamet
While Europe battles terrorists, Syrian cities are immersed in terror
Read the full article
Malleable human nature: the black hole of culture
By Patrick F. Fagan
To be strong, families today must build their own culture.
Read the full article

MERCATORNET | New Media Foundation 
Suite 12A, Level 2, 5 George Street, North Strathfied NSW 2137, Australia 

Designed by elleston

Glamorous and carefree or unmarried and lonely?

No hay comentarios:

Publicar un comentario