People at High Risk of Developing Flu–Related Complications
People at High Risk for Developing Flu-Related Complications
- Children younger than 5, but especially children younger than 2 years old
- Adults 65 years of age and older
- Pregnant women (and women up to two weeks postpartum)
- Residents of nursing homes and other long-term care facilities
- Also, American Indians and Alaska Natives[1.1 MB, 2 pages] seem to be at higher risk of flu complications
- Neurological and neurodevelopmental conditions [including disorders of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerve, and muscle such as cerebral palsy, epilepsy (seizure disorders), stroke, intellectual disability, moderate to severe developmental delay, muscular dystrophy, or spinal cord injury].
- Chronic lung disease (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD] and cystic fibrosis)
- Heart disease (such as congenital heart disease, congestive heart failure and coronary artery disease)
- Blood disorders (such as sickle cell disease)
- Endocrine disorders (such as diabetes mellitus)
- Kidney disorders
- Liver disorders
- Metabolic disorders (such as inherited metabolic disorders and mitochondrial disorders)
- Weakened immune system due to disease or medication (such as people with HIV or AIDS, or cancer, or those on chronic steroids)
- People younger than 19 years of age who are receiving long-term aspirin therapy
- People with extreme obesity (body mass index [BMI] of 40 or more) Calculate your Body Mass Index or BMI
Materials are also available for:
- Flu Information for Parents with Young ChildrenAdvice for parents who want to keep their children healthy.
- Influenza Vaccination Information for Health Care WorkersInformation on the importance of influenza vaccination for people who work in health care.
- Information for Health Professionals
Information about vaccination, infection control, prevention, treatment, and diagnosis of seasonal influenza for public health and health care professionals.