Stroke in the United States
- Stroke kills almost 130,000 Americans each year—that’s 1 out of every 20 deaths.1
- On average, one American dies from stroke every 4 minutes.2
- Every year, more than 795,000 people in the United States have a stroke.
- About 610,000 of these are first or new strokes.
- About 185,00 strokes—nearly one of four—are in people who have had a previous stroke.2
- About 87% of all strokes are ischemic strokes, when blood flow to the brain is blocked.2
- Stroke costs the United States an estimated $34 billion each year.2 This total includes the cost of health care services, medications to treat stroke, and missed days of work.
- Stroke is a leading cause of serious long-term disability.2
Stroke Risk Varies by Race and Ethnicity
Stroke Risk Varies by Age
Stroke Deaths Vary by Geography
Early Action Is Important for Stroke
- In a 2005 survey, most respondents—93%—recognized sudden numbness on one side as a symptom of stroke. Only 38% were aware of all major symptoms and knew to call 9-1-1 when someone was having a stroke.5
- Patients who arrive at the emergency room within 3 hours of their first symptoms tend to have less disability 3 months after a stroke than those who received delayed care.6
Americans at Risk for Stroke
CDC Fact Sheets Related to Stroke
- Atrial Fibrillation
- Signs and Symptoms of Stroke
- High Cholesterol
- High Blood Pressure
- Pulmonary Hypertension
- CDC, NCHS. Underlying Cause of Death 1999-2013 on CDC WONDER Online Database, released 2015. Data are from the Multiple Cause of Death Files, 1999-2013, as compiled from data provided by the 57 vital statistics jurisdictions through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program. Accessed Feb. 3, 2015.
- Mozaffarian D, Benjamin EJ, Go AS, et al. Heart disease and stroke statistics—2015 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2015 ;e29-322.
- CDC. Prevalence of stroke — United States, 2006–2010. MMWR. 2012;61(20):379–82.
- Hall MJ, Levant S, DeFrances CJ. Hospitalization for stroke in U.S. hospitals, 1989–2009[PDF-322K]. NCHS data brief, No. 95. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics; 2012.
- Fang J, Keenan NL, Ayala C, Dai S, Merritt R, Denny CH. Awareness of stroke warning symptoms—13 states and the District of Columbia, 2005.MMWR. 2008;57(18):481–5.
- The ATLANTIS, ECASS, and NINDS rt-PA Study Group Investigators. Association of outcome with early stroke treatment: pooled analysis of ATLANTIS, ECASS, and NINDS rt-PA stroke trials. Lancet. 2004;363:768–74.
- CDC. Vital signs: awareness and treatment of uncontrolled hypertension among adults—United States, 2003–2010. MMWR. 2012;61(35):703–9