Key Findings: Prescription Medication Use among Women in the United States, 1999-2006
Main Findings from This Study
- Almost 1 in 4 pregnant women and nearly 1 in 2 non-pregnant women of childbearing age reported using prescription medication in the last 30 days.
- Non-pregnant women were much more likely to report using more than one prescription medication in the last 30 days than pregnant women.
- There were some similarities in the types of prescription medications used by pregnant and non-pregnant women, but there were also some notable differences.
About this Study
- Researchers used data collected between 1999-2006 from NHANES for this study.
- NHANES is a cross-sectional survey designed to monitor the health and nutritional status of the civilian non-institutionalized U.S. population.1
Medication Use during Pregnancy: CDC’s Activities
- Expand Research: Expand and increase research efforts on links between medication use and pregnancy outcomes.
- Evaluate Evidence: Establish a system to review evidence and develop guidance for using specific medications in pregnancy.
- Influence Practice: Deliver up-to-date information to healthcare providers and the public to support clinical decision-making.
- For more information about medications and pregnancy, visit www.cdc.gov/pregnancymedication orwww.cdc.gov/treatingfortwo
- Have questions about how medications you are taking may affect a pregnancy? MotherToBaby.org can help you find the answers to your questions.
Key Findings Reference
- National Center for Health Statistics. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes.htm.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Update on overall prevalence of major birth defects—Atlanta, Georgia, 1978-2005. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2008;57(1):1-5.
- Adam MP, Polifka JE, Friedman JM. Evolving knowledge of the teratogenicity of medications in human pregnancy. Am J Med Genet Part C Semin Med Genet. 2011; 157:175-82.