Key Findings: Prevalence of self-injurious behaviors among children with autism spectrum disorder
What Did We Already Know?
What Does this Study Add?
What Were the Study’s Main Findings?
- Almost 28% of 8-year-old children with ASD had evidence of self-injurious behaviors documented in their health and/or education records.
- Compared to children with ASD who did not have self-injurious behaviors, those with self-injurious behaviors were more likely to:
- Have a previous, documented diagnosis of ASD
- Have lost acquired skills in the first few years of life (e.g., talking, smiling when interacting with others, pointing to objects)
- Have problems with learning
- Live in a low-income area
About this Study
E. Giarelli, L-C. Lee, L. D. Wiggins, M.S. Durkin, C. DiGuiseppi. Prevalence of Self-injurious Behaviors among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder—A Population-Based Study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 2016.